Ply yarn scrim fabric with a stiff finish for use in drapery headings, as apparel interlining or interfacing
Term applies to herringbone weaves or prints in zigzag stripes.
A long continuous, unbroken strand of fiber extruded from a spinneret in the form of a monofilament. Most manufactured fibers such as nylon, polyester, rayon, and acetate are made in continuous filament form.
A company which buys greige goods and sells them as finished fabrics. A converter organizes and manages the process of finishing the fabric to buyers' specifications, particularly the bleaching, dyeing, printing, etc.
The rubbing-off of dye from a fabric.
A decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure
Of or relating to habitat or household, mostly used as a prefix related to ecology. Within the textile industry, "eco" refers to fibers/fabrics that are sustainable or friendly to the environment.
A term used to describe services and goods that cause very little, if any, harm to the environment.
A calendering process in which fabrics are engraved with the use of heated rollers under pressure to produce a raised design on the fabric surface.
An embellishment of a fabric or garment in which colored threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design.
Face Finished Fabrics
Fabrics which have surface treatments that provide a variety of looks and effects on the fabric surface. These include brushing, sanding, sueding, etc.
The basic entity, either natural or manufactured, which is twisted into yarns, and then used in the production of a fabric.
A fabric that has gone through all the necessary finishing processes, and is ready to be used in the manufacturing window coverings or apparel. These processes include bleaching, dyeing, printing, heat setting, etc.
A chemical applied to a fabric, or incorporated into the fiber at the time of production, which significantly reduces a fabric's flammability.
A type of raised decoration applied to the surface of a fabric in which an adhesive is printed on the fabric in a specific pattern, and then finely chopped fibers are applied by means of dusting, air-brushing, or electrostatic charges. The fibers adhere only to the areas where the adhesive has been applied, and the excess fibers are removed by mechanical means.
Greige Goods (pronounced grey)
An unfinished fabric, just removed from a knitting machine or a loom, but have received no dry- or wet- finishing operations.
Heat Transfer Printing
The technique of printing fabrics by transferring a printed design from paper to fabric via heat and pressure.
Having or appearing to have only one color Pile Fabric - A fabric in which certain yarns project from a foundation texture and form a pile on the surface. Pile yarns may be cut or uncut in the fabric. Corduroy and velvet are examples of cut filling pile fabrics.
A tangled ball of fibers that appears on the surface of a fabric, as a result of wear, abrasion, or continued friction or rubbing on the surface of the fabric.
A basic weave, utilizing a simple alternate interlacing of warp and filling yarns. Each filling yarn passes successfully over and under each warp yarn, alternating each row. Any type of yarn made from any type of fiber can be manufactured into a plain weave fabric.
"Defect" looking nubs caused by bunching of the threading while weaving. "Defects" are with the weave of the fabric and creates visual interest.
A soft thick nub in yarn that is purposely set for a desired effect
A metal nozzle type device with very fine holes used in the spinning process of manufactured fibers. The spinning solution is forced or extruded through the small holes to form continuous filament fibers.