One of the first manufactured fibers. It is soft and has a crisp feel. It has the lustrous appearance of silk and excellent appearance when draped. It is not a strong fiber, as its resistance to abrasion is poor.
A man made fiber derived from polyacrylonitrile. Its major properties include a soft, wool-like hand, machine washable and dryable, excellent color retention.
Also known as cotton.
A lightweight, plain weave fabric, semi-sheer and usually made of polyester or polyester blends
A brocade-like pattern effect created on the fabric through the application of a chemical, instead of color, during the burn-out printing process. Sulfuric acid, mixed into a colorless print paste, is the most common chemical used cellulosic fiber like rayon or acetate. When the chemical is printed in a certain pattern, it destroys the print in those areas where the chemical comes in contact with the fabric, but leaves the ground fabric unharmed.
A lightweight, soft plain weave fabric with a slightly brushed surface. Challis is most often seen in fabrics made of cotton, wool, or rayon. We use challis in our lining offering.
A specialty yarn, characterized by a pile protruding on all sides, resembling a caterpillar. The yarn is produced by first weaving a fabric with a cotton or linen warp and a silk, wool, rayon, or cotton filling. The warp yarns are taped in groups of tightly woven filling yarns, which have been beaten in very closely. After weaving, the fabric is cut into strips between the yarn groups.
A fabric usually made of cotton, utilizing a cut-pile weave construction. Extra sets of filling yarns are woven into the fabric to form ridges of yarn on the surface. The ridges are built so that clear lines can be seen when the pile is cut.
A unicellular, natural fiber that grows in the seed pod of the cotton plant.
A glossy jacquard fabric, usually made from linen, cotton, rayon, silk, or blends. The patterns are flat and reversible
The name duck covers a wide range of fabrics. A tightly woven, heavy, plain-weave, bottom-weight fabric with a hard, durable finish.
a unique soluble fiber.
The plant from which cellulosic linen fiber is obtained. Linen is used in apparel, accessories, draperies, upholstery, tablecloths, and towels.
An insulation, padding, or stiffening fabric, either sewn to the wrong side of the lining or the inner side of the outer shell fabric for extra weight and warmth. It is strongly recommend using with silk fabric.
Woven fabrics manufactured by using the Jacquard attachment on the loom. This attachment provides intricate versatility in designs and permits individual control of each of the warp yarns. Thus, fabrics of almost any type or complexity can be made. Brocade and damask are types of jacquard woven fabrics.
A fabric made from linen fibers obtained from inside the woody stem of the flax plant. The term, linen, cannot be used except for natural fiber flax. Linen fibers are much stronger and more lustrous than cotton. Linen fabrics are very cool and absorbent, but wrinkle very easily, unless blended with manufactured fibers.
An inorganic fiber made from minerals and metals, blended and extruded to form fibers. The fiber is formed from a flat ribbon of metal, coated with a protective layer of plastic, which reduces tarnishing. Metal used in fabric is purely decorative.
The name given to ultra-fine manufactured fibers and the name given to the technology of developing these fibers.
A cellulose fiber made by spinning reconstituted cellulose from beech trees.
Produced in 1938, the first completely synthetic fiber developed. Known for its high strength and excellent resilience, nylon has superior abrasion resistance and high flexibility.
A polymer. Polyamides are commonly used in textiles, automotives, carpet and sportswear due to their extreme durability and strength.
A staple fiber for yarn spinning and nonwoven application.
A manufactured fiber introduced in the early 1950s, and is the most commonly used manufactured fiber worldwide. Polyester has high strength (although somewhat lower than nylon), excellent resiliency, has high abrasion resistance, and resists shrinking, stretching and wrinkles. Polyester's low absorbency allows the fiber to dry quickly. Polyester fabrics are used in apparel and home furnishings.
A natural woody fiber resembling flax.
A manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose, derived from wood pulp, cotton linters, or other vegetable matter. Today, various names for rayon fibers are taken from different manufacturing processes. Rayon is soft and absorbent.
This fabric is made with effects made from yarns with low luster, such as cotton or other staple length fibers. The fabric has a soft, smooth hand and a gentle, subtle luster.
The only natural fiber that comes in a filament form; from 300 to 1,600 yards in length as reeled from the cocoon produced by the silkworm. Most silk is collected from cultivated worms. All silk comes from Asia, primarily China.
A heavy, often hand-woven, ribbed fabric, featuring an elaborate design depicting a historical or current pictorial display.
The yarns that result after undergoing the texturizing process, which can create crimping, looping, and otherwise modify the filament yarn for the purpose of increasing cover, abrasion resistance, insulation, warmth resilience, or moisture absorption, and to provide a different surface texture.
A combination of polyester and cellulose acetate fibers.
A medium to heavy weight, fluffy, woolen, twill weave fabric containing colored slubbed yarns.
A fundamental weave characterized by diagonal lines, usually at a 45 degree angle. In warp-faced twill, the warp yarns produce the diagonal effect. It is one of the three basic weaves, the others being plain and satin.
A medium weight short cut-pile constructed fabric in which the cut pile stands up very straight in a succession of rows that stand so close together as to give an even, uniform surface. Velvet, a luxurious fabric, is commonly made with a filament fiber for high luster and a smooth, soft hand.
The most common type of rayon.
A thin semi-transparent fabric of polyester. Sheer, very highly twisted yarns are used. Wool - Usually associated with fiber or fabric made from the fleece of sheep or lamb.
A continuous strand of textile fibers created when a cluster of individual fibers are twisted together. These long yarns are used to create fabrics, either by knitting, plaiting, or weaving.